Serbia is located in Europe, on the Balkan peninsula
and in the Pannonian Plain. It is placed at the crossroads between Central,
Southern and Eastern Europe. The Danube river (2850 km) flows through
the northern third of the country; it is 588 km long and forms the border
with Croatia and part of Romania.
The Sava river forms the southern border of
the Vojvodina province, flows into the Danube in central Belgrade, and
bypasses the hills of the Fruška Gora in the west. Sixty kilometers
to the northeast of Belgrade, the Tisa river flows into the Danube and
ends its 1350 km long journey from Ukraine, and the partially navigable
Timis River (60 km/350 km) flows into the Danube near Pancevo.
The Begej river (254 km) flows into Tisa near
Titel. All five rivers are navigable, connecting the country with Northern
and Western Europe (through the Rhine-Main-Danube Canal–North
Sea route), to Eastern Europe (through the Tisa–, Timis–,
Begej– and Danube–Black sea routes) and to Southern Europe
(via the Sava river).
The eastern border of the country is determined
by the Carpathian Mountain range, which runs through the whole of Central
Europe. The Carpathians meet the Balkan Mountains, following the course
of Velika Morava, a 500 km long (partially navigable) river. Midzor
peak is the highest point in Eastern Serbia at 2156 m. In the southeast,
the Balkan Mountains meet the Rhodope Mountains, connecting the country
The Sar Mountains of Kosovo form the border
with Albania, with one of the highest peaks in the region, Djeravica
(2656 m). Dinaric Alps of Serbia follow the flow of the Drina river
(at 350 km navigable for smaller vessels only) overlooking the Dinaric
peaks on the other side of the shore in Bosnia and Herzegovina.